В данной контрольной работе представлено 5 заданий разных типов.

Задание 1. Проверка теоретических знаний по теме «Страдательный залог (The passive voice)».

  1. Напишите конструкцию образования страдательного залога (общую для всех времен).
  2. Как образуется вопросительное предложение в страдательном залоге, если вспомогательный глагол имеет сложную форму (will be, have been и др.)?
  3. Как образуется  отрицательное предложение в страдательном залоге, если вспомогательный глагол имеет сложную форму (will be, have been и др.)?
  4. При переводе предложений из действительного залога в страдательный, подлежащее действительного залога становится дополнением с предлогом … в страдательном. (какой предлог должен быть в правиле вместо троеточия?)

Задание 2. Перефразируйте предложения, сохраняя его смысл. Используйте страдательный залог.

Пример: Somebody stole my bag in the shop. - My bag was stolen in the shop.

The police have arrested three men. - Three men have been arrested by the police.

  1. The bill includes service. - Service … in the bill.
  2. People don't use this road very often. - This road ….
  3. They cancelled all flights because of fog. - All flights ….
  4. Somebody accused me of stealing the money. - I …..
  5. They are building a new ring-road round the city. - A new ring road ….

Задание 3. Соедините части предложения из правой и левой колонок таблицы.

This question was

be bought in any bookshop.

This book can

that castle built?

I was

are caused by dangerous driving.

When was

being discussed when I entered the room.

Many accidents

given two hours to make my decision.

Задание 4. Поставьте глагол в правильное время в пассивном залоге.

Пример: This library ... (build) in 1921. - This library was built in 1921.

  1. I can't pay the fare, because my purse ... (steal).
  2. This irrigation project ... (finish) tomorrow.
  3. Sandra ... (drive) to work by her husband every day.
  4. My car ... (repair) at the moment. 
  5. Are you going to make breakfast? No, it ... (make) by my brother.

Задание 5. Решите 4 теста (только один ответ верный).

1. I hope that the truth ___ very soon.

A) will find out 
B) will be finding out
C) is found out 
D) will be found out
E) shall find out

2. The sports competitions which ___ on Sunday ___ by a lot of people.

A) are held / will be visited
B) was held / will visit
C) will held / will visit
D) have been held / have visited
E) will be held / will be visited

3. The business letter ___ just ___ .

A) is / written 
B) has / been written
C) was / written 
D) were / written
E) is / going to write

4. All the business letters ___ yesterday. They ___ to the post office immediately.

A) answered / take
B) were answered / took
C) are answered / were taken
D) answered / took
E) were answered / were taken

5. I ___ that I ___ at the station at 5.

A) was told / should be met 
B) told / is being met
C) tells / am met 
D) am told / was met
E) will be told / would be met


Ответы

Задание 1.
  1. Времена страдательного залога образуются при помощи вспомогательного глагола to be в соответствующем времени и формы причастия прошедшего времени (Past Participle) смыслового глагола.
  2. Если вспомогательный глагол употребляется в сложной форме (will be, have been и др.), то при образовании вопросительных предложений только первый вспомогательный глагол ставится перед подлежащим. Пример. Have I been invited?
  3. Если вспомогательный глагол употребляется в сложной форме (will be, have been и др.), то при образовании отрицательных предложений частица not ставится после первого вспомогательного глагола. Пример. I have not been invited.
  4. С предлогом by.
Задание 2.
  1. Service is included in the bill.
  2. This road is not used very often.
  3. All flights were cancelled because of fog.
  4. I was accused of stealing the money.
  5. A new ring-road is being built round the city.
Задание 3.

This question was being discussed when I entered the room.
This book can be bought in any bookshop.
I was given two hours to make my decision.
When was that castle built?
Many accidents are caused by dangerous driving.

Задание 4.
  1. has been stolen
  2. will be finished 
  3. is driven
  4. is being repaired
  5. is going to be made
Задание 5.
  1. D
  2. E
  3. B
  4. E
  5. A

Часть материала скопирована из следующих источников:
1. Raymond Murphy "English Grammar In Use" Cambridge University Press
2. Atalay Oguz «TEST MASTER» – Baskent Education Publication